By the end of Year 2, children will solve problems with one or a small number of simple steps. Children will discuss their understanding and begin to explain their thinking using appropriate mathematical vocabulary, hands-on resources and different ways of recording. They will ask simple questions relevant to the problem and begin to suggest ways of solving them.
· Counting and understanding numbers
Children will develop their understanding of place value of numbers to at least 100 and apply this when ordering, comparing, estimating and rounding. Children will begin to understand zero as a place holder as this is the foundation for manipulating larger numbers in subsequent years. Children will count fluently forwards and backwards up to and beyond 100 in multiples of 2, 3, 5 and 10 from any number. They will use hands-on resources to help them understand and apply their knowledge of place value in two digit numbers, representing the numbers in a variety of different ways.
Children will learn that addition and multiplication number sentences can be re-ordered and the answer remains the same (commutative law) such as 9+5+1= 5+1+9. They learn that this is not the case with subtraction and division. They will solve a variety of problems using mental and written calculations for +, -, x, ÷ in practical contexts. These methods will include partitioning which is where the number is broken up into more manageable parts (e.g. 64 = 60 + 4 or 50 + 14), re-ordering (e.g. moving the larger number to the beginning of the number sentence when adding several small numbers) and using a number line. Children will know the 2, 5 and 10 times tables, as well as the matching division facts (4 x 5 = 20, 20 ÷ 5 = 4) and shall recall them quickly and accurately. They will apply their knowledge of addition and subtraction facts to 20 and use these to work out facts up to 100 (e.g. 3 + 7 = 10 so 30 + 70 = 100).
Fractions including decimals
In Year 2 children will develop their writing to include the following key areas:
Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar